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Over the centuries, the Sphinx has become a by-word for enigma and riddles. The astonishing monument, which is believed to predate the ancient Egyptian civilizations, has dazzled archaeologists and tourists alike ever since it was uncovered in 1817 in the first modern archaeological dig, led by the groundbreaking archaeologist, Giovanni Battista Caviglia. The discovery of the Sphinx captured the imagination of the public who were eager to understand the mysterious object. Two hundred years after the Sphinx was rediscovered, it is still throwing up mysteries for archaeologists.
What is inside the mysterious underground chamber under the sphinx?
The sphinx was fully excavated in a prolonged archaeological expedition led by Emile Baraize between the years of 1925 and 1936. The images that emerged from this particular dig revealed a number of cavities, entrances, and tunnels leading to the region below the astonishing ancient monument. These images piqued the interest of a Japanese team from Waseda University in Tokyo. In 1987, a team lead by Sakuji Yoshimura carried out an electromagnetic sound survey of the Sphinx and found that there were indeed several cavities and tunnels which led to an underground chamber underneath the great statue. The results of the Japanese team were successfully replicated in 1991 when a team of archaeologists including Thomas Dobecki, and John Anthony West surveyed the site of the Sphinx using a variety of techniques including seismic refraction, refraction tomography, and seismic reflection.
All of the evidence seems to suggest that there is no doubt that there is a mysterious underground chamber lurking beneath the iconic Egyptian statue. However, archaeologists are still not entirely certain what the purpose of the enigmatic chamber could be. At this time, the leading is that the underground chamber was formed during the age of the Pharaohs and it is likely that it was used as a highly prestigious burial chamber which very few individuals were considered worthy to enter.