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A new book has revealed that during the Cold War, the United States government considered all possible outcomes of the nuclear arms race with Russia and genuinely believed that a nuclear strike by the Soviet Union was a real possibility. In response, the government had nuclear bunkers constructed underneath the earth all around the country, but these bunkers were not created to protect the American people.
Garrett M. Graff in his new book ‘Raven Rock: The Story of the US Government’s Secret Plan to Save Itself’ claims that all of the administrations in the years of the Cold War were well aware that Russia could annihilate the population of the United States if they decided to launch a nuclear strike. While they told the people that they believed that a nuclear strike was survivable, they realized that there was no way that they could viably protect the population. Graff writes that their conclusion was to ensure that they could protect themselves while leaving the rest of the country to their fate.
Secretly, the government set about building some facilities inside America’s mountains that were capable of surviving a nuclear blast. There were also a huge number of renovations made to the White House and all of the staff members were issued with gas masks. It is alleged that Roosevelt had his gas mask on hand at all times as it was attached to his wheelchair. A bunker was also built underneath the lawn of the White House which was capable of housing 100 people in the event of a nuclear strike. While this secret bunker was never actually used in the course of the Cold War, it was opened and occupied during September 11th to ensure the safety of the President and key personnel.
In addition to the bunker underneath the White House, the government also constructed several other nuclear-proof facilities. One is located at Raven Rock in Pennsylvania and is believed to be linked to Camp David by a secret tunnel. In addition to the famous facility in Colorado Springs which is operated by NORAD there are also two facilities located in Peters Mountain and Mount Weather (both in Virginia) which are designated to house top officials of the US government and 6500 other individuals who are considered essential to rebuild the country in the event of a disaster.
In his book, Graff also reveals the extent to which the United States was prepared to destroy Russia in a nuclear war. The Pentagon is alleged to have drawn up a list of forty-nine Russian cities that they would destroy in the event of a nuclear war to completely paralyze the Soviet Union. It was this report that set in process the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union. At the time it was written, the United States had only thirteen nuclear warheads. Now the country is in possession of an astonishing 6800 nuclear weapons.