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Archaeologists are currently grappling with the mysteries of an advanced ancient society known to modern people as the Chacoans.
It is believed that these people lived in lavish and highly sophisticated stone homes with hundreds of rooms in the region that are no known as New Mexico in the United States of America.
Archaeologists find amazing ancient matriarchal society
This ancient society has piqued the curiosity of archaeologists for some reasons. They were clearly a highly advanced civilization for their age, and it is unclear why exactly they disappeared from the face of the Earth in approximately 1140 AD.
But there is something even more unusual about the Chacoans. It appears as though power in this ancient society was transferred from mothers to daughters which imply that they had a matriarchal social structure.
Archaeologists came to this astonishing conclusion while excavation one of the largest Chacoan sites in New Mexico – the staggeringly large building complex called Pueblo Bonito, in Chaco Canyon. While examining the complex, which has more than six hundred and fifty rooms, the archaeologists discovered catacombs which were swarming with well-preserved DNA evidence about the people buried there.
The archaeological team from Pennsylvania State University collected DNA samples from nine of the Chacoan people in Room 33, which appears to be a tomb reserved for high-profile members of the community. These individuals were found to have identical mitochondrial genomes which all belonged to the same maternal family line. This suggests that power was transferred from mother to daughter, rather than father to son as is commonly found in ancient societies.
“Both of these observations are consistent with the importance of close matrilineal ties among those interred in the room, ” the archaeologists claimed. They said that these findings suggested that leadership of the community was probably passed down through the female line until the society eventually collapsed in 1140 AD.
Unfortunately, the Chacoan people were not a literate society and therefore it is very difficult for archaeologists and historians to deduce what exactly happened to them. The most popular theory to explain their sudden disappearance is that they experienced a huge drought which led to widespread starvation and death through dehydration in the community.